American Dental Center
1441 Morris Ave, Union, NJ 07083

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
A plus service
John F. B.
Good visit, nice turn around time and you guys made me feel at home.
Ade A.
STAFF IS GREAT, MARIA IS WONDERFUL AND KAREN DID A TREMENDOUS JOB WITH MY CLEANING :) VERY HAPPY
Bernice K.
Wonderful experience
Hassan E.
I love my dentist. He is very professional and pleasant.
Cheryl S.
The staff were all very nice & made me feel really comfortable
Lucille A.
Dr. Anup Mudull, oral surgeon was Excellent he explain things and it was the best dental experience I ever had. We need more doctors like him. Thanks […]
Crystal G.
my exam and cleaning was done quickly and without any discomfort MARIA WAS GREAT
William H.
I was actually called to see if I could come earlier than my appointment time. I was in and out within an hour for my xrays, exam and cleaning! Love […]
Marilyn Y.
Friendly staff awesome dentist
Janeen S.
Maria is always a pleasure and very professional
Elaine S.
I always have a great experience. It doesn't get any better!
Anita J.
Staff is always pleasant and helpful. The only doctors office that doesn't keep you there for hours after your appointment. Great place
Jeanette C.
Great experience, all was great. They have a great attitude, and everyone was very helpful. Thank you all.
Jacome M.
American Dental Center is the best! I don't even think of going anywhere else.
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Great staff and Dentist
Gabriela S.
the best
Frank S.
It was a pleasant visit. Thank you
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Everyone is so friendly and nice.
Maria P.
Dentist visits are eldom painless experiences and mine was no different. I was however treated as an individual and consulted on all procedures and […]
Guy H.
The very best in professionalism. Everyone from the front office to the business office and especially the Dentists are the best this profession has […]
Thomas S.
We didn't have to wait long, they were very nice and concerned about my son. He was scared at first cause he didn't know what to expect at first, but […]
Ah-zair C.
It was awesome. .......if one can use such a word to describe a visit to the dentist. The doctor was super efficient. She and her assistant were […]
George O.
My experiences with American Dental have always been outstanding. Front desk staff and all other staff members always friendly, helpful and caring.
Levoyn F.
Really well informed helpful nice
Anonymous
Everyone was very professional and super nice. Thank you
Andrea A.
Very professional with excellent service
Heather L.
The office is amazing!! The office is super clean, the doctors are friendly and go above and beyond to make sure all dental needs are met and all the […]
Javana M.
the environment is very welcoming , the staff is very friendly and they actually go by your appointment time . I've come on 2 occasions and have been […]
Anonymous
P A I N L E S S double tooth extraction!!! While I was in the chair and I thought he'd finished the prelims and probably was about to start with the […]
Alice M.
Absolutely fantastic. Just got started but I feel confident after reading other reviews and my experience so far that I was guided in the right […]
Allison C.
Great as always. Professional service.
Kalimah P.
American Dental has always been the best since the first visit.. they have made me super comfortable. I was a scared one, but not with them
Shameka W.
The atmosphere makes you feel so calm and relaxed. If going to the dentist makes you nervous, you need to visit the American Dental Center. The hours […]
Dorothy S.
The staff are very friendly, polite and the move with the sense of urgency. They even work with you if you don't have any insurance. I would […]
Justin G.
I take a lot of pride in my teeth and smile and it matters where I go to achieve and maintain it. Jimmy Wilkins highly recommend American Dental in […]
James W.
Prompt, excellent service. Could not be more pleased.
Anonymous
The Staff was friendly and professional. Going to the dentist is a difficult experience to begin with but the staff at American Dental Center made […]
Linda R.
Excellent service the staff and doctors are great.
Shannon C.
Everyone I encountered - X-ray technician, dental assistant and examing doctor - asked how I was, introduced themselves, was warm, and exuded […]
Denise B.
I really like American Dental. Its quick and efficient. They take xrays cleaning and then if you need something done, usually will take care of it […]
Anonymous
Very good & professional.
Israel M.
Love to go to american dental Everybody so nice and professional love it
Ovidio C.
Great experience
Leighton F.
Excellent service.
Anonymous
The dentists and staff were very nice and pleasant. They walked me through the whole process and I am happy that I chose to come here.
James A.
Excellent service from the entire staff. Friendly and courteous from the moment I entered. Special thanks to Karen for for her caring and […]
Robin C.
Great as always!!!!
Gabriella C.
I had to get a root canal and two fillings and I felt no pain whatsoever. My experience was wonderful and I will return. :-)
Edith B.
I was a walk in with excruciating pain and they made feel safe and comfortable. Everyone was very pleasant and professional. Considering the […]
Latifa W.
Office Hours
Mon. – 9:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Tue. – 9:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Wed. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Thu. – 11:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Fri. – Closed
Sat. – 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (908) 280-0450
Fax: (908) 851-9079
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For appointments, call: (908) 280-0450
Office Hours
  • Monday 9:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Tuesday 9:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Wednesday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Thursday 11:00 AM - 8:00 PM
  • Friday Closed
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
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